Dietary Antioxidant Intake and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes
Jukka Montonen, Paul Knekt, Ritva Järvinen, Antti Reunanen
The intakes of total vitamin E, α-tocopherol, γ-tocopherol, β-tocotrienol, and β-cryptoxanthin were associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes. Our results add strength to the hypothesis, supported by animal experiments, that a sufficient intake of antioxidants plays a role in type 2 diabetes prevention. The results corroborate findings in earlier prospective studies, suggesting an inverse association between serum levels of total vitamin E, α-tocopherol, and incidence of type 2 diabetes. In a previous Finnish prospective study, inverse association between diabetes incidence and serum α-tocopherol and β-carotene concentrations vanished after adjustment for potential confounders.